As a Physicist he started to toddle in 1991 in the field of Artificial Intelligence. Playing with neural networks and genetic algorithms he tried to improve the quality of the automotive production and to assess epidemiological risks in the field of infarct and cancer. Six years later switched to the non-invasive assessment of neuromuscular system learning how to record from the skin the electric signal produced during muscle contraction. From such a signal it is possible to extract a huge amount of information about fatigue, motor unit recruitment, muscle fiber type, effectiveness of training and conditioning…in other words it is possible to somehow describe the strategies adopted by the brain during a motor task. Since 2006 he is with the School of Exercise and Sport Science (SUISM) of the University of Turin where he leads the Motor Science Research Center, a team of skilled people with a background in Sport aimed to disentangle human movement.




Master of Science in Physics, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics & Natural Sciences, University of Turin, with a thesis titled: “Neural Networks: a study about their capability to tolerate damage”.

PhD in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Tor Vergata, Roma, with a thesis titled: “Surface EMG: from base research to clinical applications. Is it a realistic evolution?”

Candidated as Full Professor in Physiology since November 2014.

He is currently a reviewer for the following journals: Journal of Applied Physiology, European Journal of Applied Physiology, IEEE Transaction of Biomedical Engineering, Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Medical Engineering and Physics, Basic and Applied Myology, Journal of Neural Engineering, Physiological Measurement and Journal of Orthopaedic & Sport Physical Theraphy.

He is member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology (Elsevier) and Sport Science for Health (Springer).

He is member of the International Society of Electromyography and Kinesiology (ISEK). He was member of the ISEK Council from 2006-2012. He is member of the Italian Society of Movement and Sport Sciences (SISMES) within he was member of the Council in the period 2011-2013 and Secretary in the period 2014-2016.

He organized the International Congress ISEK 2006 (International Society of Electromyography and Kinesiology) and the National Congresses BEES 2006 (Biomedical Engineering in Exercise and Sports) and SISMES 2010 (Italian Society of Movement and Sport Sciences).




1. Industrial patent for an automatic system to control electrical stimulation parameters as a function of the myoelectric fatigue (N. 0001329244).

2. Industrial patent for an interactive device aimed to assess and quantfy movement capacities (TO2012A000804)

3. Industrial patent for a mobile device able to monitor pollutant during outdoor activities (TO2013A000022)


He participated in the realization and test of a device for EMG signal recording from internal neck muscles which won the Delsys Award for “EMG Innovation” during the XV Congress of International Society of Electromyography and Kinesiology (ISEK Boston, MA, USA, Giugno 2004) (Falla D., Jull G, Rainoldi A., Merletti R., Dall’Alba P, A novel electromyographic technique for the assessment of the deep cervical flexor muscles, XV ISEK Congress, Boston, MA, June 18-21, 2004, ISBN 0-87270-136-0, p. 84).




From 1996 to 2006 he was with Politecnico di Torino at LISiN (Laboratory of Neuromuscular System Engineering). Research activities were based on three main issues: 1) the validation of the proper methodologies useful to increase the standardization and the repeatability of surface EMG measures allowing the transfer of the technique toward the clinical environment; 2) the design and the feasibility study of a tool for non-invasive assessment of muscle phenotype via surface EMG techniques; and 3) the assessment of surface EMG signal alterations due to pathologies.

From March to June 1999 he was visiting researcher at the Physiotherapy Department of the Queensland University, Brisbane, Australia, invited by the School of Health and Rehabilitation Science of that University. During that period he organized research and didactical activities and since that date a strong and fecund collaboration was built mainly in the study of whiplash pathology.

In September 1998 he spent one month in Nepal for a research project at the “'Osservatorio Piramide CNR-K2” in the Kumbu Valley, Himalaya, to study the effect of hypobaric hypoxia on myoelectric manifestations of fatigue and on neuromuscular system.

In 2007 he was requested to found the Motor Science Research Center and to collect the necessary resources to create four Operative Units, to provide equipments and to open a research line for a number of PhD candidates.



Books or book chapters


1. A. Rainoldi, La ripetibilità delle misure elettromiografiche di superficie, in Elementi di Elettromiografia di superficie, a cura di Roberto Merletti, pp. 21-38, ed. CLUT, Torino, 2000, ISBN 88-7992-153-3.

2. A. Rainoldi, Manifestazioni mioelettriche di fatica, in Elementi di Elettromiografia di superficie , a cura di Roberto Merletti, pp. 39-62, ed. CLUT, Torino, 2000, ISBN 88-7992-153-3.

3. Applicazioni cliniche e di ricerca: alcune esperienze, in Elementi di Elettromiografia di superficie , a cura di Roberto Merletti, pp. 101-126, ed. CLUT, Torino, 2000, ISBN 88-7992-153-3.

4. R. Merletti, D. Farina, A. Rainoldi, Myoelectric manifestations of muscle fatigue. In “Muscle strength”, S. Kumar (Ed), CRC Press, pp.393-419, 2004, ISBN 0-4153-6953-3

5. R. Merletti, A. Rainoldi, D. Farina, Myoelectric manifestations of muscle fatigue. In “Electromyography. Physiology, engineering and non invasive applications”, R. Merletti and P. Parker (Eds), J. Wiley/IEEE Press Publication, pp.233-258, USA, ISBN 0-471-67580-6

6. A. Rainoldi, R. Casale, P. Hodges, G. Jull, Applications in rehabilitation medicine and related fields. In “Electromyography. Physiology, engineering and non invasive applications”, R. Merletti and P. Parker (Eds), J. Wiley/IEEE Press Publication, pp.403-433, USA, ISBN 0-471-67580-6

7. A. Rainoldi, R. Bergamo, A. Merlo, Atlante delle zone di innervazione dei muscoli superficiali della spalla, in “La spalla nello sportivo”, A. Fusco, A. Foglia, F. Musarra, M. Testa, ed Masson, ISBN: 88-214-2808-7.

8. A. Rainoldi, M.A. Minetto, R. Merletti, Biomedical Engineering in Exercise and Sports, Minerva Medica Editore, 2006.

9. A. Rainoldi, M.A. Minetto Eds, Proceedings Book of the XVI International Congress of the International

Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology, Turin, 29 June-1 July 2006.

10. A. Rainoldi, R. Bergamo, A. Merlo, Atlas of the innervation zones of the superficial muscles of the shoulder, in “The shoulder in Sport”, A. Fusco, A. Foglia, F. Musarra, M. Testa, ed Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier, 2008, ISBN 978-0-443-06874-4.

11. G. Melchiorri e A. Rainoldi. Introduzione all’elettromiografia di superficie. Applicazioni nel settore delle attivita’ motorie e sportive. In “La Medicina Riabilitativa per la Facoltà e i Corsi di Laurea in Scienze Motorie” a cura di I. Caruso e C. Foti. Società Editrice Universo, Roma, 2009, ISBN 978-88-89548-76-9

12. Rainoldi A, M. Gazzoni, Neuromuscular Physiology, in “Strength and Conditioning: Biological Principles and Practical Applications”, Marco Cardinale, Robert Newton, Kazunori Nosaka (Eds.), J. Wiley, ISBN: 978-0-470-01919-1, 2010

13. Barbero M., Merletti R., Rainoldi A., Atlas of Muscle Innervation Zones: Understanding Surface Electromyography and its applications, Springer Verlag, 2012, ISBN 978-88-470-2462-5


For a complete list of peer reviewed papers (50):


For a complete list of UNITO Research Products (230):


For a view of the Department which I belong to:


For a description of the scientific activities in the period (2008-2011):

for a description in